In every transducer, a transforming element is based on certain physical principle which is related to electric descriptions of device so, that the change of measurand entails the change of these descriptions. Changes in electric descriptions are created by an electric signal, depending on a measurand.
Although there are for sale thousands of measuring transducers at the market, principles actions which they are based on, exists relatively a bit. It is therefore possible to consider these principles in detail enough. All basic principles used in transducers can be united in categories which are described below.
Capacity transforming elements convert the changes of measurand into the changes of capacity. A condenser is formed from two plastins, divided by the layer of dielectric, and his capacity is determined from next expression:
C = εоεS/x
Where εо - electric permanent, ε is an inductivity of dielectric;
S is an area of surface of every plate; х is distance between plates.
In each converter, which converts the element is based on certain physical principle, which is associated with the electrical characteristics of the device so that a change in the quantity being measured >>>